Methodology and Acknowledgements

Woman wearing glasses smiles whie standing outside in a park.


Sampling Period

September 27 - October 8, 2021


  • n = 2,515 adults
  • Age 18-70
  • Registered Voters (proxy for civic engagement)
  • Not employed in marketing or social services
  • Balanced to census by age & gender

Qualifying Area

High Unsheltered Communities

  • Atlanta, GA
  • Las Vegas, NV/Clark County
  • Los Angeles County, CA
  • Nashville/Davidson County
  • Portland, OR/Multnomah County
  • Sacramento County, CA
  • Seattle, WA/King County
  • Austin, TX/Travis County

Low Unsheltered Communities

  • Boston, MA
  • Chicago, IL
  • Kansas City, MO & KS/Jackson & Wyandotte Counties
  • Minneapolis/Hennepin County
  • New York City, NY
  • Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE
  • Charlotte, NC/Mecklenburg County
  • Miami-Dade County, FL

Notes and Acknowledgements

About Invisible People

We imagine a world where everyone has a place to call home. Each day, we work to fight homelessness by giving it a face while educating individuals about the systemic issues that contribute to its existence. Through storytelling, education, news, and activism, we are changing the narrative on homelessness.

Invisible People is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit dedicated to educating the public about homelessness through innovative storytelling, news, and advocacy. Since our launch in 2008, Invisible People has become a pioneer and trusted resource for inspiring action and raising awareness in support of advocacy, policy change and thoughtful dialogue around poverty in North America and the United Kingdom.

About the Author

Mike Dickerson is a researcher, writer, and advocate focused on homelessness and local government. Mike is a co-founder and member of Ktown for All, an all-volunteer homelessness advocacy group in Los Angeles.


Mark Horvath, Founder of Invisible People
Marc Moorghen, Communications Director at Lever for Change
Barbara Poppe, Founder of Barbara Poppe and Associates
Erin Wisneski, Managing Editor at Invisible People
Jenn de la Fuente, Founder of Rosebud Designs
Alisa Olinova, Founder of Alisa Olinova Creative


Invisible People appreciates the assistance and collaboration of our research partners DASH MR and Barbara Poppe and Associates.


Invisible People would like to thank Amanda Misiko Andare, Peggy Bailey, Tristia Bauman, Marisol Bello, Pastor Stephanie Jaeger, Anne Oliva, Bishop Jerry Pierce, and Marcy Thomson for their feedback on this research.